New Delhi, Panella, — Panella C. Rome, Sedov, a — Sedov A. Les fouilles du secteur 3. Sedov, b — Sedov A. Shinnie, — Shinnie P. Durham, Vinogradov, a — Vinogradov Yu. Les fouilles dans la partie sudouest du site. Vinogradov, b — Vinogradov Yu. Les fouilles dans la partie nord-est du site. Weeks et al. Copenhague, Whitcomb, — Whitcomb D.
Sarab'ev The Island of Socotra Yemen was archaeologically explored in the mids according to the project of the Soviet-Yemen interdisciplinary expedition; in , investigations of the Russian interdisciplinary expedition of the Institute of Oriental Studies were here started under the direction of V. Naumkin and A. During the period mentioned, the excavations were conducted at sites west of the capital of Hadiboh Island: Hajrya-1, 2, 3, 4 Fig.
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The excavations at the townsite of Hajrya Hajrya-4 have dated the latter to the 7th— 13th centuries. In , a number of graves were excavated at the necropolis of Keze situated deeply inland. In , the settlement-site of Kosh was discovered Fig. Here the first materials were uncovered which allow us to confirm the information of written documents on the importance of Socotra in the international trade started in the Indian Ocean in the first centuries of this era. In —, large-scale surveys were conducted on the island and new archaeological sites were discovered.
The finds collected from them formed the basis for development of the first chronological scheme of the evolution of the Socotrian culture. It was proposed to subdivide the sites investigated into four groups. The local pottery is represented here in a type of round-bottomed pots with an accentuated throat and an outturned rim Figs. This culture has nothing in common with that of Southern Arabia and seems to have appeared on the island due to Indian navigators and merchants. Nevertheless, exactly these pots became the basis for formation of the classic Socotrian ceramic assemblage.
Imported ware, including primarily vessels of the type of torpedo jars and clinky fired earthenware, suggests for these sites the date of the 2nd —5th century AD. A transient group including Keshre, Eresel and Nasan.
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Local pottery of this period sees the appearance of bowls and vessels with a rounded body and the walls tapering toward the edge Figs. Possibly, the emergence of these types, particularly the latter one, owes to the influence of Southern Arabia. The same sites have yielded also ware with incised patterns although rather roughly drawn. Imported ware comprises fragments of clinky fired earthenware. The current group possibly is dated from the 6th century. It is characterized by local pottery of three types: round-based pots with outturned rims, round-based ware with the walls tapering toward the rim of uncertain profile and, finally, bowls Figs.
The first two types are distinctive in a rather complex ornamentation consisting of incised lines, incised strokes and pricks. The ware used in funerary rite is especially richly decorated; occasionally it has crosses drawn on the clay before firing. The imports include glass ware, Chinese celadon and rather rare wheel-made pottery the place of origin of which is not quite clear. The group under consideration is dated presumably to the 7th—13th centuries.
Among the imported objects characteristic of it there are white-blue faience and glass bracelets. These finds allow us to date these sites to the 14th century and subsequent period. The scheme of dating here proposed is not the final one and presents just a draft hypothesis. To the left: the second small column near the sanctuary door and the remains of a small cupboard with two shelves.
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Lupu, Arbore, — Arbore Z. Barnea, — Barnea I. Din istoria Dobrogei. Ghimpu, — Ghimpu V. N 6—7. Lupu, — Lupu E. The value of this image, along with its early date of the 6th or 7th century, is in the fact that this is one of the very earliest models of templa preserved in the intact form and therefore quite unique.
This fact again suggests that structures of this type had existed from very old times in the region under consideration.
Meyer-Rodrigues, Februar und 7. Ram- minger, O.
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Hodges, — Hodges R. Stilke, — Stilke H.
Stilke et al. Trier, Wamser, — Wamser E. Dannheimer zum The results obtained were compared with those of British and German researchers. Our studies have shown, in addition, that the fragments of ware found during excavations of Zemlyanoye Gorodishche belonged to at least four vessels. Ryurik Gorodishche. Fragments of burnished Saltovo jugs.
Karger, ; 5—7 — cemetery II of Belogorsk 5 — barrow 37; 6 — barrow 1; 7 — barrow Photo digitized by S. This pottery can be subdivided into three subgroups. The first subgroup Fig. The origin of these forms seems to have been connected with the aboriginal territory of the Saltovo- Mayak culture.
Parallels to this ware are found among the finds from Sarkel of the th— th AD. The second subgroup unites a handmade jug-like pot with a loop handle Fig.grupoavigase.com/includes/239/1468-blidoo-lima.php
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This ware belongs to the syncretic group of the handmade Borshevo culture pottery imitating a series of Saltovo forms. In addition, also influence of nomadic traditions is here discernible. This ware was brought to Ryurik Gorodishche from the Middle Volga region. The third subgroup of pottery indicates of the beginning of stable trade connections of Ryurik Gorodishche with the arising Great Bulgaria.
Bronze pendant found in at Ryurik Gorodishche near Novgorod: 1 — photo by I. Samovarov; 2 — signs on amulet-pendant here, as below, the drawings of the signs were executed by S. Division of the plane with a runic inscription into three fields used for correct description of runic inscriptions.
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- De Minore (German Edition).
The arrow indicates the branch touching the stem of the second rune and crossing the stem of the third rune. Photographed using MBS-2 binocular stereoscope magnification 3.
Related Невский проспект (илл. М. Бычкова) (Russian Edition)
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